How To Beat Overeating
Whether it's binging an entire pizza after a night out or eating a couple extra scoops of icecream (or the entire tub) after dinner, we all overindulge from time to time. But with more than two-third of Americans currently overweight, this overindulgence starts to become a bit more concerning. So how to we beat overeating?
When your stomach is empty it releases a hormone called ghrelin. Ghrelin interacts with your brain's neurotransmitter by turning on the desire to eat. It's likely responsible for when you acted crazy because you were 'hangry'. After you've eaten, a different hormone called leptin is released from the stomach and fat cells, and interacts with your brain by turning off the desire to eat — which is when your brain tells you you're full. It's basically the hormone that has us turning down another slice of cake.
Many food psychologists believe that in the past, energy-rich foods loaded with fat and sugar were hard to come by as hunter-gatherers. And since humans needed to take advantage of these meals for survival, they became extremely desirable. But in today's world we can get a high fat or sugary meal on any street corner at any hour of the day. The problem? It's believed that our instinct and desire still remains, so we struggle to stop ourselves from binging these processed foods that aren't as good for us.
And this problem is bigger than we thought. Recent research found that the continual intake of fat and sugar overrides the regulatory system of ghrelin and leptin. The signaling pathway becomes insufficient to control our new diet, making us more impulsive when it comes to junk food. So the key to fighting this is to limit the amount of fat and sugar you intake. Even though it's easier said than done, it'll ensure that your hormones work properly and you'll avoid premature diseases and other health issues related to obesity.